The background of the southernmost african country south africa

Southernmost region of African continent. With capitals and borders English labeling.

The background of the southernmost african country south africa

What it is, what it does, and why some countries are planning on leaving it. Land South Africa is bordered by Namibia to the northwest, by Botswana and Zimbabwe to the north, and by Mozambique and Swaziland to the northeast and east. Lesothoan independent country, is an enclave in the eastern part of the republicentirely surrounded by South African territory.

The country possesses two small subantarctic islands, Prince Edward and Marionsituated in the Indian Ocean about 1, miles 1, km southeast of Cape Town. The former South African possession of Walvis Bayon the Atlantic coast some miles km north of the Orange River, became part of Namibia in Relief A plateau covers the largest part of the country, dominating the topography; it is separated from surrounding areas of generally lower elevation by the Great Escarpment.

The plateau consists almost entirely of very old rock of the Karoo System, which formed from the Late Carboniferous Epoch about to million years ago to the Late Triassic Epoch about to million years ago.

The background of the southernmost african country south africa

The plateau, generally highest in the east, drops from elevations of more than 8, feet 2, metres in the basaltic Lesotho region to about 2, feet metres in the sandy Kalahari in the west. The central part of the plateau comprises the Highveldwhich reaches between 4, and 6, feet 1, and 1, metres in elevation.

The Early Stone Age

South of the Orange River lies the Great Karoo region. It runs southward from the far northeast, where it is generally known as the Transvaal Drakensberg Afrikaans: The mountainous escarpment continues southwestward, dividing Lesotho from the Eastern Cape province, where it runs westward across Eastern Cape at lesser elevations of 5, to 8, feet 1, to 2, metres and is known as the Stormberg.

Farther to the west it becomes the Nuweveld Range and the Roggeveld Mountains and forms the approximate boundary between Northern Cape and Western Cape provinces. At its western extreme, in the vicinity of Mount Bokkeveld and Mount Kamies 5, feet [1, metres]the escarpment is not well defined.

Drakensberg mountains, South Africa. Both above and below the Great Escarpment, the topography tends to be broken.

South Africa | History, Map, & Facts |

Open plains are rare, occurring mainly in northwestern Free State and farther to the west and in smaller areas such as the Springbok Flats north of Pretoria. Ridges, mountains, and deeply incised valleys are common, mainly left by the erosion of ancient landforms.

There is little genuine coastal plain between the escarpment and the sea, except in northern KwaZulu-Natal, where it reaches a width of about 50 miles 80 kmand in parts of Western Cape. For most of its 1,mile 2,km length, the coastline consists of fairly steep slopes rising rapidly inland and often includes long stretches of beach.


Most of the coastline has been uplifted or created by falling sea levels in the recent geologic past, with the result that there are few flooded river valleys or natural harbours. In KwaZulu-Natal, longshore drift over many centuries has created spits and bluffs from beach sand; in a number of places these features have enclosed bays, which have provided both remarkable sanctuaries for wildlife as at the St.

Lucia estuary and, when mouths are dredged, good harbours as at Durban and Richards Bay. Drainage Rising in the Lesotho Highlands, the Orange River and its tributaries—chiefly the Caledon and the Vaal —drain the greater part of the country aboutsquare miles [, square km] to the Atlantic Ocean.

North of the Witwatersrand Rand ridge, the plateau is drained to the Indian Ocean by the Limpopo system, whose major tributaries include the Krokodil, Mogalakwena, Luvuvhu, and Olifants rivers.

South of the Olifants River, in the area between the escarpment and the sea, a large number of other river systems, including the Komati, Pongolo, Mfolozi, Mgeni, and Tugela, drain much of KwaZulu-Natal; the Tugela ranks as the largest river by volume in the country.

The flows of all South African rivers are highly seasonal, and few offer a level-enough gradient and sufficient volume to allow navigation by even small craft for more than a few miles from their mouths. Page 1 of South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.

It is bounded to the south by 2, kilometres (1, mi) South Africa is the only African country to have successfully developed nuclear weapons.

The background of the southernmost african country south africa

It became the first country Calling code: + Destination South Africa, the southernmost African country is bordered by Botswana, Mozambique, Background: Often called 'the rainbow nation', South Africa is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in Africa.

The South Africa Tourism Board official guide to tourism South Africa. Cape Country Info Southern African Travel Portal. South Africa, on the continent's southern tip, is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the west and by the Indian Ocean on the south and east.

Its neighbors are Namibia in the northwest, Zimbabwe and Botswana in the north, and Mozambique and Swaziland in the northeast. South Africa: South Africa, the southernmost country on the African continent, renowned for its varied topography, great natural beauty, and cultural diversity.

South Africa Highlights Upon formation the country was named the Union of South Africa in English, reflecting its origin from the unification of four formerly separate British colonies. Since the long form name in English has been the "Republic of South Africa".
South Africa See Article History Alternative Titles: Republic of South Africa, Union of South Africa South Africa, the southernmost country on the African continent, renowned for its varied topographygreat natural beauty, and cultural diversityall of which have made the country a favoured destination for travelers since the legal ending of apartheid Afrikaans:

The Southernmost Point Of Africa, L'Agulhas, Western Cape, South Africa. likes. Region/5(29). Geography of South Africa South Africa is divided into three major geographic regions. The first is the African Plateau in the country's interior. The first is the African Plateau in the country's interior.

South Africa - Wikipedia