The total population of this belt now is 3.
The earliest evidences of the history of the district date back to the pre-historic days, perhaps as early as circa BCE. Murshidabad town, which lends its name to the district, derived its name from its founder, Murshid Quli Khan.
Travellers marvelled at its glory through the ages. The city, lying just east of the Bhagirathi River, is an agricultural trade and silk-weaving centre. Originally called Makhsudabad, it was reputedly founded by the Mughal emperor Akbar in the 16th century.
In CE, Aurangzeb honoured him with the title of Murshid Quli Khan and granted the permission to rename the town as Murshidabad in CE after his newly acquired title. The family of Jagat Seth maintained their position as state bankers at Murshidabad from generation to generation.
Warren Hastings removed the supreme civil and criminal courts to Calcutta inbut in the latter court was brought back to Murshidabad again. Inunder Lord Cornwallis, the entire revenue and judicial staffs were fixed at Calcutta. The town is still the residence of the nawab, who ranks as the first nobleman of the province with the style of Nawab Bbahadur of Murshidabad, instead of Nawab Nazim of Bengal.
The Murshidabad palace, dating fromis a magnificent building in Italian style. The city Hindu muslim population in murshidabad district bears memories of Nawabs with other palaces, mosques, tombs, and gardens, and retains such industries as carving in ivory, gold and silver embroidery, and silk-weaving.
In the 19th century the nature of the struggle changed, and all communities joined forces for Independence from British rule. Like other areas of Bengal Murshidabad also made its contribution to the freedom struggle of India.
Brajabhushan Gupta was its first President. The students participated in movements like the Boycott of Foreign Goods and had links with the revolutionaries. Das and Netaji had also visited the district of Murshidabad during the freedom struggle days. In a conference of the Association in Kolkata was arranged, at the request of Fazlul Haque.
The presence of the Quit India movement was also felt here. India became independent on 15 Augustafter being bifurcated into two nations, viz. Murshidabad, on the basis of the fact that Muslims were a majority, was part of East Pakistan for two days.
Then it became part of India on the basis of the final award of the Radcliffe Commission. The international border with Bangladesh's Rajshahi division is on the east.
Landscape, Rivers and Vegetation[ edit ] The district comprises two distinct regions separated by the Bhagirathi River. To the west lies the Rarha high, undulating continuation of the Chota Nagpur plateau.
The eastern portion, the Bagri, is a fertile, low-lying alluvial tract, part of the Ganges Delta. The district is drained by the Bhagirathi and Jalangi rivers and their tributaries.
Bhagirathi is a branch of the Ganges, and flows southwards from Farakka barrage where it originates from the Ganges. It flows southwards through the district and divides it into more or less equal halves.
Dwarka River flows through kandi and meet with Ganges. Most of the land is arable, and used as agricultural land.
Commonly seen trees are NeemMangoJackfruit. Often during early summer, dusty squalls followed by spells of thunderstorm or hailstorms and heavy rains cum ice sleets lash the district, bringing relief from the humid heat.
Floods are common during Monsoon, causing loss of life, destruction of property, and loss of crops.
Economy[ edit ] Most of the people depend on agriculture for their livelihood. There are some silk farms and some weaving machines, but they are losing out fast against the modern industries.
Murshidabad is famous for the high quality silk produced here.
Beedi industry is also there. Many of the India's major beedi companies are from this district. Trade and business are conducted primarily with Asansol, Burdwan and Kolkata. There were some discussions between India and Bangladesh to open an internal water transport link between Dhulian and Rajshahi but it has not materialised yet.Gaur, the first sovereign Hindu kingdom in Bengal with its capital in Karnasubarna in modern-day Murshidabad district, was set up by Shashanka, a Shaivaite king who ruled approximately between AD and AD.
The efforts of Nawab Wasif Ali Mirza in forming the Hindu Muslim Unity Association in were also noteworthy. In a conference of the Association in Kolkata was arranged, at the request of Fazlul Haque. According to the census Murshidabad district has a population of 7,,, roughly equal to the nation of Bulgaria or the US State: West Bengal.
According to the census Murshidabad district has a population of 7,,, roughly equal to the nation of Bulgaria or the US state of Washington. This gives it a ranking of 9th in India (out of a total of ).
The district has a population density of 1, inhabitants per square kilometre (3,/sq mi). Interestingly, Murshidabad is a Muslim-dominated district where the community constitutes % of the population.
Allegations of religious discrimination and intolerance have been quite rampant in Bengal, but the brutality of this incident has surpassed that in many instances of the kind. In West Bengal capital Kolkata Muslim's Population is , making up % of the city population as of census.
Bengali Muslims are minority in all districts of Bengal except Uttar Dinajpur (%), Maldah (%) and Murshidabad (%). Murshidabad district, one of the three Muslim majority districts of West Bengal, had 4,, Muslims who formed % of the population, 2,, Hindus who formed % of the population, and 37, persons belonging to other religions who formed % of the population, in the rutadeltambor.comy: India.