There are records of slaves being in Haiti by The first blacks arrived in the British colonies almost years before Douglass was born.
Some of these disparities have been among racial or ethnic groups, some among nations, and some among regions, continents, or whole civilizations. In the nineteenth century, real per capita income in the Balkans was about one-third that in Britain.
That dwarfs intergroup disparities that many in the United States today regard as not merely strange but sinister. Singapore has a median per capita income that is literally hundreds of times greater than that in Burma.
During the rioting in Indonesia last year, much of it directed against the ethnic Chinese in that country, some commentators found it strange that the Chinese minority, which is just 5 percent of the Indonesian population, owned an estimated four-fifths of the capital in the country.
But it is not strange.
Such disparities have long been common in other countries in Southeast Asia, where Chinese immigrants typically entered poor and then prospered, creating whole industries in the process. People from India did the same in much of East Africa and in Fiji. Occupations have been similarly unequal.
In the early s, Jews were just 6 percent of the population of Hungary and 11 percent of the population of Poland, but they were more than half of all the physicians in both countries, as well as being vastly over-represented in commerce and other fields. By the late twentieth century, it was estimated that 17 percent of the people in the world produce four-fifths of the total output on the planet.
Such examples could be multiplied longer than you would have the patience to listen. In some cases, we can trace the reasons, but in other cases we cannot. A more fundamental question, however, is: Why should anyone have ever expected equality in the first place?
Let us assume, for the sake of argument, that not only every racial or ethnic group, but even every single individual in the entire world, has identical genetic potential.
If it is possible to be even more extreme, let us assume that we all behave like saints toward one another. Would that produce equality of results? Real income consists of output and output depends on inputs. These inputs are almost never equal-- or even close to being equal.
During the decade of the s, for example, the Chinese minority in Malaysia earned more than a hundred times as many engineering degrees as the Malay majority. Halfway around the world at the same time, the majority of the population of Nigeria, living in its northern provinces, were just 9 percent of the students attending that country's University of Ibadan and just 2 percent of the much larger number of Nigerian students studying abroad in foreign institutions of higher learning.Introduction This page has been written by Attila Narin who lived on Curaçao from to and visited Aruba and Bonaire towards the end of that time for a few days.
In other words, I know Curaçao much better than Aruba or Bonaire. For more about Curaçao, read Attila's Curaçao rutadeltambor.comgh all three islands are culturally and geographically closely related, each island has its unique.
An in-depth scientific article about the Great Pyramid at Giza.
It is proposed that the Great Pyramid is a plutonium mill rather than a pharaoh's tomb. My Trip to America- Personal Narrative Essay - My Trip to America- Personal Narrative Three years ago, in July , I had the opportunity to visit America, the land of freedom.
I was thrilled when I overheard my mother talking to my friend’s father; Tom’s father on the phone for me to join my Toms family in their holiday to America.
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