Elections were held for a provisional government, and monarchists were elected, which was unacceptable to revolutionaries of Paris. Paris responded by forming its own government, a 40 member council or "commune" with its own national guard. On May 21, Adolph Theirs, leader of the French provisional government, sent in troops to "restore order" in Paris.
Its success was largely due to the fact that it offered something for everyone regardless of social or political status. It had no specific ideas for government or economy, just simply whatever is best for the nation.
Nationalism also combined well with all other ideologies of the time. However, the different classes of European society accepted nationalism for different reasons and at different times.
In the years through nationalism ascended onto European society through the middle class. Shortly after the French Revolution in the Congress of Vienna was placed in charge of reconstructing Europe.
In France the monarchy was restored. ByLouis Philippe was king of France and had transformed their political system into a government by which only the rich could vote known as the Bourgeois Monarchy. Increasing social and economic discontent in France led the middle class to revolt in This revolution set up the Second Republic and gave all men in France the right to vote, creating a unifying thread throughout the country.
In Germany, the German Confederation was created which left 39 individual, segregated German states. Due to the fact of taxes and tariffs many middle class business owners supported the idea of a single unified nation-state.
However, conservatives at that time did all they could to stop the ideas of liberalism and nationalism. But, by the middle class had grown large enough to force a revolution. The middle class soon after created a National Parliament and in the Frankfurt Assembly gathered delegates from all of the German states to create boundaries for a new unified nation-state.
Unfortunately, before they were able to apply their plan German kings charged in with their large armies and stopped the revolution.
Although it was stopped the revolution in Germany along with the revolution in France helped to create firm foundation for the spread of nationalism. You can see from the majority people of French revolution are the middle class As productive owners of growing businesses, most of them During the time period of to the aristocracy and the upper class embraced nationalism.
Prior to conservatives felt like the idea of nationalism was a threat to their power. After however, conservatives learned to adopted nationalism into their own ideology.
They saw, through revolts, the dangers of simply disregarding nationalism and found it more beneficial to simply compromise and blend the two together.
Otto Von Bismark modernized nationalism by combining it with conservatism and his own brand of hardheaded government he called Realpolitik. Inspired by patriotism for his country and loyalty to his king Bismark sought to unite all of the German nation-states. Four years later inBismark engineered the Franco-Prussian War in order to incorporate the southern German states into the new unified Germany.
Bismark knew the unifying power of having a common enemy. Between the years of and the workers and the lower classes seemed to benefit the most from nationalism. It was during this time the second Industrial Revolution occurred. The development of new industry, transportation, communication, power, and energy made everyday life much simpler for the common man.
Also, at the beginning of the 20th century national labor unions were legalized. Many other social reforms were made during this time also. In Germany activated accident insurance plans for workers in factories. Inpension plans, like modern-day social security, were established in Germany.
Universal manhood suffrage also became legal for all of Europe between and Mass society and culture was extremely important in the spreading of nationalism among the lower classes.Introduction.
As we have seen, the French Revolution and Napoleon spread the ideas of liberalism and nationalism across Europe. These ideas took root and gave rise to several outbreaks of revolution in the 's, 's, and 's, the most severe being the revolutions of I believe that the spread of nationalism throughout European society was a positive development.
Nationalism helped to unite people with a common history and culture. It instilled pride and confidence among nations and gave people a sense of being.
The beginnings of popular nationalism in Germany can be traced to Napoleon's invasion of German territory in Whilst this act helped precipitate the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire, Napoleon's political machinations helped to encourage nationalist feeling. Otto Dann and John Dinwiddy report, "It has long been almost a truism of European history that the French Revolution gave a great stimulus to the growth of modern nationalism."  Nationalism was emphasized by historian Carlton J.H.
Hayes as a major result of the French Revolution across Europe. Napoleon's conquest was largely fueled by nationalism, which was a relatively new idea that then took hold of Europe in the s and contributed to late colonial efforts around the world.
After. Nationalism led Napolean to conquer other nations and greatly expand France. Under the Congress of Vienna, land was split between the five Great Powers so that none were more powerful than the.